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The Portrait of a Lady

Free download The Portrait of a Lady Free download The Portrait of a Lady ê PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free Download å PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free ½ Henry James Lved to determine her own fate does not hesitate to turn down two eligible suitors She then finds herself irresistibly drawn to Gilbert Osmond who beneath. I had many wonderful moments while reading this book moments when the writing halted the reading when I had to pause and admire and wonder Moments when the book seemed to speak to my own experience as if it were written expressly for the girl who was me at twenty two causing me to wonder how Henry James could have guessed so well the presumptuous ideas I had about life and love at that early stage All of that is very personal of course and not necessarily of interest to other readers but there were other moments in my reading of The Portrait of a Lady that better merit mention in a review I had read this book before about twenty years ago so although I knew the bare bones of the story I remembered few of the details I certainly had no recollection of reading a particular scene from early in the story the one in which Isabel Archer meets a stranger in her aunt s house And yet there was something about the lead up to that scene that caught my attention this time the house is very still because Isabel s uncle is dying Out of the silence comes the sound of someone playing the piano Wonderingly Isabel makes her way toward the source of the harmony Those six words were like a bell ringing in my mind I felt a sharpening of interest an awareness of how pivotal this moment would be in the story I remember thinking I ve been reading this book with all senses on alert and this is my reward I ve sensed the author s excitement at the turn his story is about to take There was another scene later in the book when I had a similar feeling of change about to happen Isabel sits up late one night in Rome pondering a difficult decision indeed pondering all the decisions in her life so far The reader watches with her and wonders how she will act And wonders again when she finally doesThere are other major shifts in the narrative but none stood out for me uite the way those two did In fact Henry James purposely avoids describing the most significant shift of all by skipping a three year section of Isabel s life completely which is a very effective narrative device of course introducing both surprise and suspense in a story that has only a six year span in total As a reader I appreciated both strategies the emphasis he seemed to place on some scenes and the complete omission he allowed to others It was all very wonderful In fact this book has revised my idea of what wonderful means The Portrait of a Lady is vying for a place as the highlight of my Henry James reading year even though The Ambassadors was already firmly camped in that position I ve decided they can be the joint highlight they have a lot of wonderfulness in commonWhen I finished The Portrait I turned to HJ s 1906 appendix and found a paragraph about his concerns for the reader He writes that he has purposely piled brick upon brick for our benefit carefully including the details that will enable us to grasp the totality of his creation And among those details he mentions two in particular keystones in the building of the story as it were The first is the piano scene I described earlier He speaks of the rare chemistry of that scene in which Isabel recognizes that a huge change is about to happen in her life I felt really validated as a reader to have been aware in advance of the significance of what I was about to read and so I wasn t surprised when his other pivotal scene turned out to be the one where Isabel sits up late into the Roman night pondering her decisions This is the sixteenth Henry James book I ve read in six months Perhaps I ve learnt something of the way his writer s mind worksMore confirmation of that possibility came when he began to discuss the shape of this novel He continues to speak in terms of bricks and architecture and proportions and he says that of all his novels The Portrait is the best proportioned with the exception of a novel he was to write twenty two years later The Ambassadors Alongside a certain roundness in shape which they share he finds they also share a kind of supporting beam or rib that runs through them This rib is made from two minor but key characters Henrietta Stackpole and Maria Gostrey Both seem extraneous to each story at first glance yet both are central to the architecture of their particular story I remember noting that Maria Gostrey was the thread that allowed me to find my way through the labyrinth that was The Ambassadors so it was wonderful to hear Henry James confirm that and underline the links between the two books as well I was also reminded that I had begun to look at his books in terms of architecture while reading The Wings of the Dove so I really appreciated his architectural metaphorsIn fact the appendix left me amazed and wondering at every turn In the updates I uoted part of a paragraph on his theories about the house of fiction I d like to uote the whole thing here because it is really worth reading and it provided me with huge insights into some Gerald Murnane books I ve puzzled over in the past The Plains and Inland and offered a strong desire to read Murnane s Million Windows The house of fiction has in short not one window but a million a number of possible windows not to be reckoned rather every one of which has been pierced or is still pierceable in its vast front by the need of the individual vision and by the pressure of the individual will These apertures of dissimilar shape and size hang so all together over the human scene that we might have expected of them a greater sameness of report than we find They are but windows at the best mere holes in a dead wall disconnected perched aloft they are not hinged doors opening straight upon life But they have this mark of their own that at each of them stands a figure with a pair of eyes or at least with a field glass which forms again and again for observation a uniue instrument insuring to the person making use of it an impression distinct from every other He and his neighbors are watching the same show but one seeing where the other sees less one seeing black where the other sees white one seeing big where the other sees small one seeing coarse where the other sees fine And so on and so on there is fortunately no saying on what for the particular pair of eyes the window may NOT open fortunately by reason precisely of this incalculability of range The spreading field the human scene is the choice of subject the pierced aperture either broad or balconied or slit like and low browed is the literary form but they are singly or together as nothing without the posted presence of the watcher without in other words the consciousness of the artist Tell me what the artist is and I will tell you of what he has BEEN conscious Thereby I shall express to you at once his boundless freedom and his moral referenceThis book is the final one in my 2017 Henry James season and I can t think of a better title to finish on But in every ending there are beginnings The Portrait has led me to another book Henry James says he took the slight personality the mere slim shade of an intelligent but presumptuous girl and created what he called an ado about Isabel Archer That reference has prompted me to go back to Shakespeare and read Much Ado About Nothing I do love when one book leads to another

Free download The Portrait of a Lady

Free download The Portrait of a Lady Free download The Portrait of a Lady ê PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free Download å PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free ½ Henry James His veneer of charm and cultivation is cruelty itself A story of intense poignancy Isabel's tale of love and betrayal still resonates with modern audienc. The Portrait of a lady Henry JamesThe Portrait of a Lady is a novel by Henry James first published as a serial in The Atlantic Monthly and Macmillan s Magazine in 1880 81 and then as a book in 1881 It is one of James s most popular long novels and is regarded by critics as one of his finest The Portrait of a Lady is the story of a spirited young American woman Isabel Archer who in confronting her destiny finds it overwhelming She inherits a large amount of money and subseuently becomes the victim of Machiavellian scheming by two American expatriates Like many of James s novels it is set in Europe mostly England and Italy Generally regarded as the masterpiece of James s early period this novel reflects James s continuing interest in the differences between the New World and the Old often to the detriment of the former It also treats in a profound way the themes of personal freedom responsibility and betrayal 1971 1348 866 31 433 1390 798 9789644484964 19 54 866

Download å PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free ½ Henry James

Free download The Portrait of a Lady Free download The Portrait of a Lady ê PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free Download å PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free ½ Henry James When Isabel Archer a beautiful spirited American is brought to Europe by her wealthy Aunt Touchett it is expected that she will soon marry But Isabel reso. For my dear friend Jeffrey Keeten I would not have read it if it were not for you Thanks Henry James The Portrait of a Lady touched me deeply Since I finished this novel a few days ago I could not seem to stop thinking about it as I tried to organize my feelings That I was mesmerized by it there is no doubt So much that the search for its understanding has occupied practically all my free moments And to fully grasp it I could not do without Henry James masterful help so forgive me if you find I uote him too often Oh but this is a work in progress so forgive me again for any inaccuracy or inconsistency 1 The complexity of Isabel Archer Millions of presumptuous girls intelligent or not intelligent daily affront their destiny and what is it open to their destiny to be at the most that we should make an ado about it The novel is of its very nature an ado an ado about something and the larger the form it takes the greater of course the ado Therefore consciously that was what one was in for for positively organising an ado about Isabel Archer Portrait of a Lady is the story of a young American woman Isabel Archer and her voyage of self discovery I loved getting into Isabel s conflicted mind her doubts and her confidence her wishes and her choices I went even further and identified thoroughly with Isabel Archer I could relate to her conflicted mind her dreams and ultimate choices She was a pleasure to know because she is so extraordinarily complex complex in a way that fictional people seldom areFrom the first we learn how Isabel valued her freedom in a dialogue with her cousin Ralph Adopted me The girl stared and her blush came back to her together with a momentary look of pain Oh no she has not adopted me I m not a candidate for adoption I beg a thousand pardons Ralph murmured I meant You meant she has taken me up Yes she likes to take people up but she added with a certain visible eagerness of desire to be explicit I m very fond of my liberty The secondary characters are there to explain Isabel Archer as Henry James tells us they are there for what they are worth the definite array of contributions to Isabel Archer s history I recognized them I knew them they were numbered pieces of my puzzle the concrete term of my plot Mrs Touchett her aunt brings Isabel to Europe but is indifferent and unfeeling Ralph is initially amused by her and helps her to inherit a fortune only to guarantee her choices and the freedom to follow them he probably is the only one that thoroughly loved Isabel Madam Merle manages her meeting with Osmond and makes sure they end up married Osmond thinks of her as one item for his collection Mr Goodwood is persistent and never loses interest in her life coming back again and again to see how she is but seems to offer nothing Lord Warburton is a fair aristocratic friend to Isabel but was he truly in love with her or merely looking for a trophy wife Henrietta Stackpole is a true friend and probably an antithesis to Isabel and Pansy the artless creation of her husband depends on Isabel as the only person who throughly loves her So everyone including the reader look upon her judge her decisions and contemplate as she takes each of her fateful steps into her destinyOh there is much about Isabel and I hope I will be able to know her better once I am finished 2 The images and metaphors of Isabel Archer s lifeTo discuss this I first I want to tell you about a recurrent dream I had for a very long time Sometimes I dreamed that I was walking down the corridor on my home and discovered a door I had never realized existed deciding to explore I would open it and it led me to a new endless row of rooms all grand with high windows and sunny overlooking majestic gardens that I had never observed existed before As I opened each door amazing new discoveries were revealed to me My feelings were of exuberance of happiness to have discovered so much beauty inside my home But there was a variation to these recurrent dreams or worst there were also nightmares In these I also discovered new places never visited before however they would be dark and looked nowhere As a result of this oppressive atmosphere I used to feel like I was in an endless prison inside my own home I rejoiced in the first and feared to revisit those nightmaresSo when I started reading The Portrait of a Lady it was fascinating to read how Henry James uses symbolic or metaphorical architectural spaces and places to tell us about Isabel Archer and her life This was something I knew and it remitted directly to my dreams and my deepest self Her imagination was by habit ridiculously active when the door was not open it jumped out of the window She was not accustomed indeed to keep it behind bolts and at important moments when she would have been thankful to make use of her judgement alone she paid the penalty of having given undue encouragement to the faculty of seeing without judging We first meet Isabel at Gardencourt Her uncle s house seemed a picture made real no refinement of the agreeable was lost upon Isabel the rich perfection of Gardencourt at once revealed a world and gratified a need The large low rooms the deep greenness outside that seemed always peeping in the sense of well ordered privacy in the centre of a property much to the taste of our young lady whose taste played a considerable part in her emotions By marrying Osmond Isabel ends up enveloped in a palace dark and suffocating She could live it over again the incredulous terror with which she had taken the measure of her dwelling Between those four walls she had lived ever since they were to surround her for the rest of her life It was the house of darkness the house of dumbness the house of suffocation Osmond s beautiful mind gave it neither light nor air Osmond s beautiful mind indeed seemed to peep down from a small high window and mock at her There she seeks refuge or consolation on the ruins of Rome for her a symbol of hope for despite their long sufferings they are still standing She had long before this taken old Rome into her confidence for in a world of ruins the ruin of her happiness seemed a less unnatural catastrophe She rested her weariness upon things that had crumbled for centuries and yet still were upright she dropped her secret sadness into the silence of lonely places so that as she sat in a sun warmed angle on a winter s day she could smile at it and think of its smallness But ultimately she seeks refuge once at Gardencourt All purpose all intention was suspended all desire too save the single desire to reach her much embracing refuge Gardencourt had been her starting point and to those muffled chambers it was at least a temporary solution to return She had gone forth in her strength she would come back in her weakness and if the place had been a rest to her before it would be a sanctuary now 3 Isabel s choices and freedomIsabel s ability to choose and the choices she makes are the thread that is carefully woven throughout the novel and it raises her stature as a fictional heroine in my opinion to the level of that of an Anna Karenina or an Emma Bovary For better or for worse I m not bent on a life of misery said Isabel I ve always been intensely determined to be happy and I ve often believed I should be I ve told people that But it comes over me every now and then that I can never be happy in any extraordinary way not by turning away by separating myself By separating yourself from what From life From the usual chances and dangers from what most people know and suffer The moment Isabel inherits starts the process whereupon she loses some of her freedom There s one remarkable clause in my husband s will Mrs Touchett added He has left my niece a fortune A fortune Madame Merle softly repeated Isabel steps into something like seventy thousand pounds Madame Merle s hands were clasped in her lap at this she raised them still clasped and held them a moment against her bosom while her eyes a little dilated Ah she cried the clever creature And around Isabel there is always a sense of danger I try to care about the world than about myself but I always come back to myself It s because I m afraid She stopped her voice had trembled a little Yes I m afraid I can t tell you A large fortune means freedom and I m afraid of that It s such a fine thing and one should make such a good use of it If one shouldn t one would be ashamed I m not sure it s not a greater happiness to be powerless But was she really free or were her choices not as free as she dreamed Or was it all inevitable to some degree It seems that Isabel Archer s life was to some extend inescapable and this fact was not totally unknown to her However she thoroughly recongnizes how misguided she had been in her choice of husband It was as if he had had the evil eye as if his presence were a blight and his favour a misfortune Was the fault in himself or only in the deep mistrust she had conceived for him This mistrust was now the clearest result of their short married life a gulf had opened between them over which they looked at each other with eyes that were on either side a declaration of the deception suffered Subseuentely Isabel remains too proud to show it to the her friends But despite all her efforts to conceal her misery she cannot camouflage it from Ralph and Caspar Watching her Trying to make out if she s happy That s easy to make out said Ralph She s the most visibly happy woman I know Exactly so I m satisfied Goodwood answered dryly For all his dryness however he had to say I ve been watching her She pretends to be happy that was what she undertook to be and I thought I should like to see for myself what it amounts to I ve seen he continued with a harsh ring in his voice and I don t want to see any I m now uite ready to go Sorrowful and heartbroken that s how this passage made me feel But she is never to be pitied she always stands upright despite doomed adversity Yes I suspect there is a sense of inevitability what choices did she have where her other suitors conductive of real happiness I think not which could have made Isabel Archer s into a tragedy But she is far from it she still has choices Nevertheless James work is not merely that It is a reflection upon the ideal of a relative freedom and a play with its execution in a woman s life the actions its struggles and the conseuent decisions taken by choice This is what James has achieved with this work that liberty is not only an ideal but a responsibility too Though the reader may not approve of all her choices at the end keeping in mind the betrayal of trust brought about by Madam Merle and Osmond they were all freely taken or the result of her own will A will which comes not merely from the limitations imposed by society but by a newfound maturity result of all her suffering and above all from the vow to remain true to oneself 4 Henry James gives the reader plenty of room to imagineThere s something about Henry James work and here in particular that flares tosses back and forth with unspoken frustration and desire James art the one thing that makes him stand out for me is in how he somehow implies suggests hints but never outright tells the reader the ins and outs of his story He even skips years and it only adds to its enjoyment If you want to live along with Isabel Archer and I felt like I did is to be conuered by infinite possibilities Here we are not mere spectator or bystanders but may live everything along with her if we want to It is a hard reading that reuires effort but if we invest in it we can grasp the possibilities the whole world that exists beneath the surface of his work5 Her ultimate choiceIsabel falls for Gilbert Osmond to my mind partly because he does not mindlessly adore her does not fawn over her He takes his time in the courtship he with the help of Madame Merle has a clear strategy and it works He is mysterious indolent and there is the hint of a darker side He appears to be tired of everything simply bored so Isabel feels like for once she is helping somebody That her inheritance has a meaning a destiny She seems to feel recompensated and fulfilled What has he ever done he added abruptly That I should marry him Nothing at all Isabel replied while her patience helped itself by turning a little to hardness If he had done great things would you forgive me any better Give me up Mr Goodwood I m marrying a perfect nonentity Don t try to take an interest in him You can t And we are not the only ones to be surprised by her choice to marry Gilbert Osmond Ralph was appalled I think I ve hardly got over my surprise he went on at last You were the last person I expected to see caught I don t know why you call it caught Because you re going to be put into a cage If I like my cage that needn t trouble you she answered You must have changed immensely A year ago you valued your liberty beyond everything You wanted only to see life But she still has another choice ahead of her Her ultimate choice is whether or not to return to Osmond after she goes to Gardencourt to visit her dying cousin Again Henry James gifts us with a superb image that could not translate better the pervading dread of what she is about to do There was a penetrating chill in the image and she drew back into the deepest shade of Gardencourt She lived from day to day postponing closing her eyes trying not to think She knew she must decide but she decided nothing her coming itself had not been a decision On that occasion she had simply started And at last we understand her ultimate decision although such resolution is not easily reached There were lights in the windows of the house they shone far across the lawn In an extraordinarily short time for the distance was considerable she had moved through the darkness for she saw nothing and reached the door Here only she paused She looked all about her she listened a little then she put her hand on the latch She had not known where to turn but she knew now There was a very straight path In the end I recognized a worthier and mature Isabel Archer and I think that she comes out of her sufferings stronger I would like to imagine Osmond would be surprised by her when she gets back to Rome and that she would be able to change her standing Their roles perhaps altered Although there should certainly be anguish ahead of her given what she is going back to I imagine there is always the possibility of happiness