Kindle ePUB [Shinjû Ten no Amijima comedy] ☆ Chikamatsu Monzaemon

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  • Shinjû Ten no Amijima
  • Chikamatsu Monzaemon
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  • 09 July 2017
  • 9780939512515

Chikamatsu Monzaemon ✓ 4 Read & Download

Summary ã Shinjû Ten no Amijima 104 Chikamatsu Monzaemon ✓ 4 Read & Download ?ximo esplendor en el género del teatro «kabuki» y «joruri»El recitador hace de narrador y da voz a los personajes La música de «samisen» sirve de acompañamiento y los manipuladores mueven unas marionetas casi tan grandes como. Una historia preciosa 3

characters Shinjû Ten no Amijima

Shinjû Ten no Amijima

Summary ã Shinjû Ten no Amijima 104 Chikamatsu Monzaemon ✓ 4 Read & Download Ellos mismos El sentido simbólico de los muñecos para el teatro está plenamente potenciadoEs la tragedia de una pareja con un amor imposible ue termina en un doble suicidio presentado en un estilo bello y al mismo tiempo escalofriant.

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Summary ã Shinjû Ten no Amijima 104 Chikamatsu Monzaemon ✓ 4 Read & Download «Los amantes suicidas de Amijima» son marionetas ue representan la vida y el amor de Jihei comerciante de Osaka y Koharu su geisha La obra está ambientada a finales del siglo XVII momento en ue la cultura del pueblo florece con su m?. THE LOVE SUICIDES AT AMIJIMA OF CHIKAMATSU ROMEO AND JULIET THE ARCHETYPE OF THE STAR CROSSED LOVERS IN WORLD LITERATURE FROM THE WORLD LITERATURE FORUM RECOMMENDED CLASSICS AND MASTERPIECES SERIES VIA GOODREADS ROBERT SHEPPARD EDITOR IN CHIEFFor most of us in the West when we think of the idea of star crossed lovers or of the love suicides of doomed lovers the first image that comes to our minds is that of the tragic lovers Romeo and Juliet of Shakespeare When we then attempt to take in the similar traditions of other cultures such as the immortal Japanese play The Love Suicides at Amijima by the great 17th Century Japanese playwright Chickamatsu Monzaemon our first reaction is to see it as The Japanese Romeo and Juliet and we may be forgiven our presumption by realizing the universality of egocentrism such that Japanese readers may regard Romeo and Juliet as the Western Amijima Arabic or Iranian readers as the Western Layla and Majnun In truth all of these works are the product of the universal Collective Unconscious manifesting itself in its innumerable variations on the themes of fundamental archetypes and patterns in World Literature here the universal Archetype of The Star Crossed Lovers and which Archetypes are shared by all of us as the common heritage of mankind WHAT IS AN ARCHETYPECG Jung identified as Archetypes enduring dynamic symbolic complexes charged with energy in the human psyche which mediate and help transcend the inextricable contradictions and limitations of human existence and which serve to enhance psychic wholeness growth and the powers of greater life itself Archetypes recurrently irrupt from latent unconsciousness into living human consciousness in the form of dreams and as recurrent motifs expressed in literature art religion and myth serving as guides and healers towards grater life Archetypes are generally manifested in the three major forms of characterological personas situational motifs and oppositional symbolic patterns Examples of archetypal characterological personas charged with the immense hidden energies of the Collective Unconscious would include1 The Hero who typically struggles against inimical and powerful forces beyond his control 2 The Scapegoat an animal or likely a human whose ceremonial sacrafice or expulsion expiates some taint or sin afflicting the community 3 The Outcast a figure banished from a human community4 The Devil Evil incarnate inimically opposed to human well being 5 The Earthmother symbol of fruition abundance and fertility 6 The Star Crossed Lovers These lovers represent the element of Doom in erotic love relationships implying that whatever forces determine their fate the lovers are not and ultimately cannot be in essential control of them These overpowering forces may include fate or the stars the internal irresistable and ultimately lawless forces of libido lust and love the countervailing overweening powers of societyfamily social repression convention social duty and perhaps even the power of Death itself Examples of Situational Archetypal Motifs would include1 The uest a search for something or a powerful talisman which will restore fertility to a wasted and blighted land 2 The Task to save the kingdom win a fair lady or perform some superhuman deed 3The Journey usually to find some vital information or truth 4 Death RebirthSybolical Archetypal oppositional patterns might include1 Darkness Light2 Water Desert3 Heaven Hell Man has traditionally associated places not accessible to him as the dwelling places of the hidden primordial powers that govern his world as exemplified by the Heaven and HellSince Archetypes emerge from and express the universal Collective Unconscious of humanity as they deal with the uneradicable contradictions and limitations of the human condition they occur in all cultures and at all times in human history though shaped in specific expression by each cultural tradition and historical context in its own way THE ARCHETYPE OF THE STAR CROSSED LOVERS IN WORLD LITERATUREThe Archetype of the Star Crossed Lovers appears in World Literature from earliest antiuity A famous example at the center of Homer s Iliad is the fated love of Helen of Troy and Paris forbidden by Helen s marriage to Menalaus which ends in Paris death and the destruction of his homeland Troy Also in Ovid s Metamorphoses we encounter the figures of Pyramus and Thisbee two Babylonian lovers freuently used in Shakespeare who like Romeo and Juliet kill themselves out of frustrated love Similar stories abound as in the case of Hero and Leander at the Dardanelles in which Leander perishes swimming the straits with the guidance of a lantern in the night lit by Hero until bad winds and weather extinguish the lamp and he drowns In Celtic mythology the tale of Tristan and Isolde follows similar lines with Tristan a faithful Knight of King Mark sent to bring Mark s new bride from Ireland to Cornwall Isolde however falls in love not with King Mark but with Tristan and they drink of a magic love potion binding them together body and soul The lovers cannot keep apart until King Mark to save the honor of himself and the kingdom must banish Tristan to France where Tristan dies of separation from Isolde resulting in her own love suicide This also serves as model for other stories of ill fated lovers such as the Arthurian legend of the love of Sir Lancelot and ueen Guenevire In non Western traditions similar expressions of the Star Crossed Lovers appear such as Nizami s famous Persian tale of Layla and Majnun popularized in Arabic Persian Indian and Islamic Literature There Layla and Majnun are inextricably in love but Layla s father refuses to allow them to marry citing Majnun s poverty and his reputed mental illness arising from his excessive love for Layla Layla is forced to marry another wealthy suitor and Majnun is reduced to wandering in the wilderness Heathcliff like inscribing poems to Layla on rocks and the walls of her home Finally he dies from grief causing her to do so at the same time In Chinese Literature similar tales are abundant such as the fate of Imperial Consort Yang Gui Fei celebrated in Bai Juyi s Song of Everlasting Sorrow in which the Imperial lovers excesses threaten the downfall of the Tang Dynasty such that the Emperor Xuanzong is forced by his army to have her executed to save the Empire The fabled doomed love of Liangshan Bo and Zhu Yingtai Ovid like ends in their being transformed into butterflies to be united in spirit Another celebrated case is the ill fated love of Jia Baoyu and his sickly cousin Lin Daiyu in Cao Xuein s immortal classic The Dream of the Red Chamber another case in which love s consummation in marriage is blocked by Lin s poverty and ill health causing her to waste away and die blighting both lives Other cases of the appearance of the Star Crossed Lovers Archetype are those of Goethe s Sorrows of Young Werther Bronte s Wuthering Heights and Lady Chatterly s LoverTHE LOVE SUICIDES AT AMIJIMA BY CHIKAMATSUThe Love Suicides at Amijima tells the story of two ill fated lovers Jihei a married unsuccessful merchant of commercial Osaka and Koharu a beautiful courtesan for whom he has contracted a fatally intense love attraction and from whom his love is reciprocated but a love which can never be fulfilled due to his marriage and family and her indentured status as a paid courtesan Unlike Shakespeare s Romeo and Juliet who begin their story in youthful innocence and exuberant hope Jihei and Koharu begin Chikamatsu s play in a state of hopelessness that is never relieved As the play opens they have exchanged vows to commit mutual suicide together when an inevitable opportune moment arrives Their fate is sealed from the outset and the drama consists less in their attempting to change it for the better as do Romeo and Juliet but in how the attempts of all those around them who represent rationality controlsocial duty and convention foremost Jihei s loyal wife Osan and their children Jihei s brother and extended family all attempt and ignominiously fail to divert the lovers from their doomThe characters are portrayed in a thoroughly realistic manner as Jihei appears not the ideal tradesman of Osaka but rather one of the unsuccessful members of a profession that demanded a high level of diligence reputation and devotion exhibiting a weak conflicted and vascillating nature though ultimately devoted to his passionate but hopeless love to Koharu Chikamatsu explains that even the love of a prostitute is deep beyond measure a bottomless sea of affection that cannot be emptied or dried The action is relieved by episodes of humor and insight into personalities and human foibles Practically Jihei is surrounded by love love between man and woman husband and wife father and children younger brother and elder brother but none of these conventionalized loves can rise to the reality of his true love for KoharuHe tries to control his overpowering passionate love for Koharu in fact a part of him desires nothing than to live up to what society expects of him as a husband and father Torn between the two opposing worlds of duty giri and passionate private desire ninjo Jihei is forced over and over to reject his home and family Like any other human nature Jihei s nature is impulsive and changeable He begs Gozaemon Osans father who threatens him with divorce and bankruptcy over the affair to let him stay with his wife Osan In his uickness of tongue his impulsiveness and his fear of being shamed in public Jihei represents a typical representative of inconstant males so vividly portrayed by western female songstresses like Joni Mitchell Be careful now when you court young men They are like the stars On a summer morning They sparkle up the night And theyre gone again Daybreak and gone again Under pressure from his wife and family Jihei attempts to give up Koharu but ultimately finds it impossible In the end Jihei s love for Koharu makes a double suicide seem as the only course open to him Part of the pathos of the tragedy comes from our admiration for Jihei s wife Osan who appears as a plausibly ideal and admirable wife forgiving Jihei and Kohatsu seeking to protect her children and family taking the strong initiative to ask Kohatsu to give up Jihei to protect his children and family When Koharu is threatened with disaster Osan even makes great sacrafices to raise money for her though a rival acting with great strength courage and honor But Jihei s love is fatally unaffected by his wife s virtues and he is impelled further and further towards his hopeless love for Koharu and its inevitable conseuence of self destruction In the end Jihei and Koharu resign themselves to their fate and to each other setting off in the night to commit suicide together justified in their hopeless love and expectation that they will be together in future lives and reincarnations even if their love is impossible in this life and world A main theme of The Love Suicide at Amijima is that marriage and living out social conventions and roles does not eual happiness and love This can be seen during the play through Osan s self sacrifice and Jihei ultimately choosing a tragic death with Koharu instead of living with Osan It is not coincidental that The Love Suicides at Amijima found birth in the Japanese Bunraku puppet theater though it also is performed by live actors in the Kabuki theater as well McLuhan famously stated that the medium is the message and the telling of Chikamatsu s story via the strings of puppets emphasizes the hidden strings of forces beyond our control which may well take over our destinies Von Kleist s famous essay On the Puppet Theater and its uncanny effects makes the same point in our Western tradition LOVE AND DEATH CHANCE FATE EROS THANATOSOne of the teasing and maddening perplexities of Romeo and Juliet is the knife edge balance of seeming chance on which their fates depend and ultimately turn If only comes repeatedly to mind If only Juliet had awoken from the potion ten minutes earlier if only Romeo had known she was not dead but only drugged If only Friar Laurence s messenger had got to Romeo in time Similar operations of seeming chance operate in the Love Suicides If only Osan had discovered Jihei s absence on the fatal night an hour earlier she might have intercepted him and prevented the suicide Yet part of the mastery of both Shakespeare and Chikamatsu lies in how these seemingly chance events reveal the workings of inexorable hidden forces that ultimately cannot be either eliminated or controlled If they do not work their will in one chance event they will through another until they have worked out the character s fate The point is that there really are latent forces immensely greater than the individual wills or ego consciousness of Romeo Juliet Jihei Kohatsu and the reader or spectator which are poised to take over their lives and potentially our lives What are these forces Eros libido sexuality overwhelming sensuality and passion rooted in our DNA and the forces of life within and beyond individual consciousness and control is one such force that can become a law and destiny for any individual To put it rather crudely when men think with their dicks it is often biological life force which is doing the thinking for them a force unfortunately indifferent to their individual destinies and wholly willing to ruthlessly make puppets of them or even hurl them into disaster and death for its own greater ends For both parties to a fatal passion that passion as the cliche would have it is bigger than both of usAnother such superforce is death or Thanatos as Freud expressed in in Beyond the Pleasure Principle or the fact that the Darwinian driven life force is using each of us for its own ends like God s invisible hand working the puppet strings of our lives rather than each of us using life for our own ends and of which our own little lives and deaths are but part of a much greater master plan The desire for death is also the deisre for peace and escape from the pain and travail of troubled life Who is using whom In the greater scheme of things Life will prove Master and Death will prove Master over each of us try as we may to overmaster their powers for our own egocentric aims It is the Archetypes that reveal and catalyze these latent and inexorable contradictions in human life and brings them to light However we struggle for our own ends we discover and the Archetypes disclose that we are in fact inevitably and inexorably serving ends beyond ourselves THE PERVERSE CONNECTION BETWEEN LOVE AND DEATH VAMPIRES ZOMBIES LOVERS SUICIDE PACTS AND DEATH AS THE PRICE OF SEXOur movies and media are strangely pervaded by the onmipresence of a fatal intertwining of sex and death Twilight vampires enmeshed in the net of passion and blood death and zombies crazed for the blood of life Sex and death have a number of connections other than having been taboo topics in polite company and controversial subjects in school curricula As is the case with many taboos both can lead to fetishes and eroticisms and their mere mention holds shock value for young adults Few uestion that life s greatest drives are to reproduce and to avoid death Yet the great psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud and the French social theorist Michel Foucault argued that the two are fused that the death instinct pervades sexual activity a connection easily seen by such a Frenchman as Foucault whose language frames orgasms as petit mort or little deaths As in the Play it Again Sam song of Casablanca love and sexuality have always been a case of do or die from the upstream spawning uests of anadramous salmon to modern filmIt has been often observed that death is the price multicellular creatures must pay in order to reproduce The biologist William Clark observed Obligatory death as a result of senescence natural aging may not have come into existence for than a billion years after life first appeared This form of programmed cell death seems to have arisen at about the same time cells began experimenting with sex in connection with reproduction Perhaps one legacy of this original immortality is the telomerase the so called immortality enzyme found within the cells of testes and ovaries Absent from normal cells that age and die telomerase is what allows cancerous cells to reproduce without limits Sexuality followed by human individuation may have been the original sin against the primitive amoeboid immortality of undifferentiated binary fission as a means of reproduction along with the later adoption of a murderous carnivore diet and evolutionary ethos Humanity is not immune from this law of death as the cost of sex This toll for reproduction has particularly been borne by women Unlike at the start of the twenty first century when women held a seven year life expectancy advantage over males in developed nations historically because of their high maternal death rates women were the shorter lived sex The era of AIDS reinforces the notion that the sex act itself may be the cause of death Perhaps in the evolutionary scheme sexuality like the Pentagon in times of budgetary retrenchment adopts a scheme of up or out as a corollary to do or die whereby sex and love if not fulfilled in fruitful union and evolutionary potential press inexorably towards necessary death as the default reset position Perhaps Romeo and Juliet Jihei and Kohatsu fulfill another Archetype the Scapegoat to tragically purge the gene pool for viable options yet in their deaths ironically inspire us towards the roots of greater life Perhaps ironically also it is in the moment when forces greater than ourselves take over and even end our lives that we so often find the potential for essential alignment with those forces that lends transcendent meaning to our lives often expressed through Archetypes and mythThe composition of my own recent novel Spiritus Mundi is rooted in the exploration of Archetypes most notably those of The uest in this case the uest to save humanity from destruction in WWIII and the establishment of a United Nations Parliamentary Assembly In it the protagonist Sartorius overcomes the urge to suicide and finds inspiration in love for the Anima figure of his beloved Eva who accompanies him on his uest I invite you to look into Spiritus Mundi Romeo Juliet and the Love Suicides at Amijima to explore the world and power of Archetypes in World Literature For a fuller discussion of the concept of World Literature you are invited to look into the extended discussion in the new book Spiritus Mundi by Robert Sheppard one of the principal themes of which is the emergence and evolution of World LiteratureFor Discussions on World Literature and Literary Criticism in Spiritus Mundi SheppardEditor in ChiefWorld Literature ForumAuthor Spiritus Mundi NovelAuthor s Blog Mundi on Goodreads Mundi on Book I Mundi Book II The Romance Robert